The history of the Dresdner Christstollen ®
The tradition in Dresden to bake stollen, is very, very old. The way this noble Christmas cookies can be traced back to around the year 1400th. For the first time the stollen is 1474 mentioned on the bill of the Christian Bartholomew’s Hospital at the Dresden court as fast pastries. With “Strutzel” or “Striezel” were designated in Middle High German vocabulary a crumpet in elongated, partly braided shape. Probably it should remember the child wrapped in swaddling the Christian Christmas story. In some cities this Saxon “Christ Bread” was also called “Stollen” or “Stolle” for its bulbous body.
The stollen was under the ecclesiastical dogma, forbidding among other things, to use butter and milk for baking. So was the pastries only from flour, yeast and water, and accordingly was also the taste. Therefore turned in 1470 Elector Ernst of Saxony and his brother Albrecht to Pope Innocent VIII. with the request to lift the ban on butter. The Holy Father wrote the so-called “butter letter”, which allowed to use butter, milk and fine ingredients like raisins, almonds and fruits for tunnels in payment of a fine.
In 1500 already “Christ Bread” were sold on the Striezelmarkt in Dresden. From 1560, the Stollen bakers gave a their sovereign electoral a five-foot-long Stollen as a Christmas present every year. Eight champion and eight journeymen carried him to the castle. This custom was continued for a long time. Over time, the baking ingredients were refined and passed on the recipe from generation to generation. Even today preserve bakers and home bakers its formulation. Since 1617 the tunnel is an integral part of the Christmas celebration.
The Stollen knife with which the giant Stollen was cut, was designed and produced about 1.60 m long and especially for this festival. Traditionally, a replica of the original is used to gate today. This event which links every year on the eve of the 2nd Advent in Dresden held Stollen festival on. Since the nineties, the Stollen Festival is part of the program of the Dresdner Striezelmarkt and is at once his climax.
Members of the Schutzverband Dresdner Stollen baking e.V. bake on the Saturday before the second Advent a 3,000 kg giant stollen. After a procession through the old town then cuts a master baker at the “giant Stollen” with the 1.60 m long and 12 kg Stollen knife, whereby he assisted the Dresdner Stollen girl with lots of charm and expertise. The mayor’s responsibility to taste the first piece, and then release the cleats for sale.
Cut in many thousands of servings, the traditional pastry is sold for a good cause. The honorary position of cleats girl is Dresdner Stollen awarded annually in November of trainees of the third year of budding bakers, pastry cooks or specialized shop assistants in the protective bandage e.V. The Stollen Girl gives the starting signal for the baking of Giant Stollen, opens the cleat and is charming representative of the Dresdner cleat at festivals and tourist events..
The “Schutzverband Dresdner Stollen e.V.” has established ten years ago. It guarantees to the consumer by a quality certificate, an oval seal with operating individual identification and the text “Dresdner Stollen Schutzverband e.V.” that tested, consistent and high quality of the delicious Stollen from Dresden. The protection association represents the interests of around 150 bakeries and pastry from the Dresden area and takes the protection of Dresdner cleat true as a branded product and geographic origin. The buyer can clearly see through the seal of quality and the control number thereon origin and quality of the traditional Christmas cookies. Dresdner Stollen ® is a registered collective mark of Schutzverband Dresdner Stollen e.V. Since 2010 the Dresden Stollen ® also protected throughout the EU by a special label. Since then, he may be the seal PGI decorate (protected geographical indication).